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Typically this is accomplished by connecting a refractory 'bowl' to some sort of 'stem' which extends and cools the smoke mixture drawn through the combusting organic mass (see below).The broad anatomy of a pipe typically comprises mainly the bowl and the stem.Meerschaum (hydrated magnesium silicate), a mineral found in small shallow deposits mainly around the city of Eskişehir in central Turkey, is prized for the properties which allow it to be carved into finely detailed decorative and figural shapes.It has been used since the 17th century and, with clay pipes, represented the most common medium for pipes before the introduction of briar as the material of choice in the 19th century.A tobacco pipe, often called simply a pipe, is a device specifically made to smoke tobacco.

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Pipe bowls are sometimes decorated by carving, and moulded clay pipes often had simple decoration in the mould.The word "meerschaum" means "sea foam" in German, alluding to its natural white color and its surprisingly low weight.Meerschaum is a very porous mineral that absorbs elements of the tobacco during the smoking process, and gradually changes color to a golden brown.The bowl (1) which is the cup-like outer shell, the part hand-held while packing, holding and smoking a pipe, is also the part "knocked" top-down to loosen and release impacted spent tobacco.On being sucked, the general stem delivers the smoke from the bowl to the user's mouth.Briar is cut from the root burl of the tree heath (Erica arborea), which is native to the rocky and sandy soils of the Mediterranean region.Briar burls are cut into two types of blocks; ebauchon and plateaux.At the end of the shank, the pipe's mortise (5) and tenon (6) join is an air-tight, simple connection of two detachable parts where the mortise is a hole met by the tenon, a tight-fitting "tongue" at the start of the stem (7).Known as the bore (10), the inner shaft of this second section stays uniform throughout while the outer stem tapers down to the mouthpiece or bit (8) held in the smoker's teeth, and finally ends in the "lip" (9), attenuated for comfort.Unusual, but still noteworthy pipe materials include gourds, as in the famous calabash pipe, and pyrolytic graphite.Metal and glass are uncommon materials for tobacco pipes, but are common for pipes intended for other substances, such as cannabis.


  1. Almost everything you could wish to know about Clay Tobacco Pipes". BUY Old Clay Pipes and. as thousands of photographs of clay pipes dating from about.

  2. For example Atkinson, David and Adrian Oswald 1980 The Dating and Typology of Clay Pipes Bearing the Royal Arms. The Archaeology of the Clay Tobacco Pipe III.

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