The first recorded use of this word has been dated back to 1610.
A rough translation of the word would be "non-moving claws", a reference to the limited retractability (capability of being drawn inside the paw) of the claws of the cheetah relative to other cats'.
It belongs to Felinae, the subfamily of Felidae that also includes lynxes, wildcats, and the puma.
The species was first described by German naturalist Johann Christian Daniel von Schreber in his 1775 publication Die Säugethiere in Abbildungen nach der Natur mit Beschreibungen.
Cheetahs are induced ovulators, breeding throughout the year.
Though taller than the leopard, it is notably smaller than the lion.The following table is based on the classification of the species provided in Mammal Species of the World.It occurs in Southern and East African countries including Namibia, Botswana, South Africa, Zimbabwe, Zambia, Mozambique, Kenya, Tanzania and Uganda.Typically yellowish tan or rufous to greyish white, the coat is uniformly covered with nearly 2,000 solid black spots.Cheetahs are active mainly during the day, with hunting their major activity.By 2016, the global cheetah population has been estimated at approximately 7,100 individuals in the wild.Several African countries have taken steps to improve cheetah conservation measures. The only extant member of the genus Acinonyx, the cheetah was formally described by Johann Christian Daniel von Schreber in 1775.Weaning occurs at six months; siblings tend to stay together for some time.Cheetah cubs face higher mortality than most other mammals, especially in the Serengeti region.(Acinonyx jubatus) is a large cat of the subfamily Felinae that occurs in Southern, North and East Africa and a few localities in Iran.The species is IUCN Red Listed as vulnerable, as it suffered a substantial decline in its historic range in the 20th century due to habitat loss, poaching, illegal pet trade, and conflict with humans.